An difríocht idir athruithe ar: "Maláire"

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Galar tógálach is ea '''an mhaláire''' nó '''malaria'''. Tá se fliúirseach go maith sna trópaicí agus sna fothrópaicí. Bionn 350–500 milliún cás ann gach bliain,<ref>[http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/facts.htm Malaria Facts]. ''Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.''</ref> Maraítear 1-3 milliún duine, 90% díobh san Afraic fho-Shahárach: páistí iad a bhformhór.<ref>{{cite journal | author = Snow RW, Guerra CA, Noor AM, Myint HY, Hay SI| title = The global distribution of clinical episodes of Plasmodium falciparum malaria | journal = Nature | volume = 434 | issue = 7030 | pages = 214–7 | year = 2005 | pmid = 15759000 | doi = 10.1038/nature03342}}</ref> Tá dlúthbhaint idir an mhaláire agus an bochtanas agus uaireanta cúisíonn an galar an bochtanas.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://ftp.iza.org/dp2997.pdf|format=PDF|teideal=Malaria: Disease Impacts and Long-Run Income Differences|publisher=[[Institute for the Study of Labor]]|accessdate=2008-12-10}}</ref>
 
==An galar==
Seadán (paraisít) ar a dtugtar ''Plasmodium'' is cúis leis. As greim na [[muiscít]]í ionfhabhtaithe is mó a tholgtar an galar. I g[[corp]] an [[duine]] téann na seadáin isteach san [[ae]] agus tagann borradh agus fás ar líon na seadán ann. Ina dhiaidh sin ionfhabhtaíonn siad na fuilchealla dearga. Is féidir
Seadán (paraisít) ar a dtugtar ''Plasmodium'' is cúis leis. As greim na [[muiscít]]í ionfhabhtaithe is mó a tholgtar an galar. I g[[corp]] an [[duine]] téann na seadáin isteach san [[ae]] agus tagann borradh agus fás ar líon na seadán ann. Ina dhiaidh sin ionfhabhtaíonn siad na fuilchealla dearga. Is féidir comharthaí an ghalair a aithint sa duine ionfhabhtaithe tuairim is 10-15 lá i ndiaidh na greama, mar shampla fiabhras, tinneas cinn agus urlacan.
 
Ta cúig speiceas Plasmodium ann a chúisíonn an mhaláire sa duine daonna: is é ''[[Plasmodium falciparum]]'' an ceann is marfaí. Is annamh a mharaíonn ''[[Plasmodium vivax]]'', ''[[Plasmodium ovale]]'' agus ''[[Plasmodium malariae]]'' an duine. [[Zónóis]] is ea ''[[Plasmodium knowlesi]]'', is é sin, galar ar féidir leis an duine é a tholgadh ó ainmhí, [[macaque]] i gcás ''P. knowlesi''.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Fong YL, Cadigan FC, Coatney GR |title=A presumptive case of naturally occurring Plasmodium knowlesi malaria in man in Malaysia |journal=Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. |volume=65 |issue=6 |pages=839–40 |year=1971 |pmid=5003320 |doi= 10.1016/0035-9203(71)90103-9|url=}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal |author=Singh B, Kim Sung L, Matusop A, ''et al.'' |title=A large focus of naturally acquired Plasmodium knowlesi infections in human beings |journal=Lancet |volume=363 |issue=9414 |pages=1017–24 |year=2004 |month=March |pmid=15051281 |doi=10.1016/S0140-6736(04)15836-4 |url=http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0140673604158364}}</ref>
 
==Leabharliosta==
=== Gearmáinis ===
* [[Jürgen Knobloch]]: ''Malaria - Grundlagen und klinische Praxis''. Uni-Med-Verlag, Bremen 2002. ISBN 3-89599-623-8
* Waldemar Malinowski: ''Impfungen für Auslandsreisende und Malariaprophylaxe. Vademecum für niedergelassene Ärzte''. Facultas-Verlag, Wien 2001. ISBN 3-85076-538-5
* Martin Kappas: ''Klimatologie: Klimaforschung im 21. Jahrhundert- Herausforderung für Natur- und Sozialwissenschaften'', Springer, 2009, ISBN 978-3-8274-1827-2 , 7.2.1. ''Auswirkungen von Temperaturveränderungen auf die Malariaübertragung''; 7.2.2. ''Auswirkungen von Niederschlagsveränderungen auf die Malariaübertragung'' {{Google Buch| BuchID = cjETRCAU-sUC&pg=PA231| Seite = 231| Hervorhebung = klimawandel+malaria }}
 
=== Béarla ===
* Joel G. Breman, Martin S. Alilio, Anne Mills: ''[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?call=bv.View..ShowTOC&rid=malaria.TOC&depth=2 The intolerable burden of Malaria II.]'' The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. Bd 71, Nr. 2, Supplement. American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Northbrook 2004. {{ISSN|0002-9637}}
* Peter Perlmann, Marita Troye-Blomberg: ''Malaria Immunology''. Karger, Basel 2002. ISBN 3-8055-7376-6
* David Sullivan, Sanjeev Krishna (Hrsg.): ''Malaria. Drugs, disease and post-genomic biology''. Springer, Berlin 2005. ISBN 3-540-25363-7
* David A. Warrell, Herbert M. Gilles: ''Essential Malariology''. Arnold, London 2002. ISBN 0-340-74064-7
 
 
===Fraincis===
* Jacques Verdrager, ''L'OMS et le paludisme : mémoires d'un médecin spécialiste de la malaria''. – L'Harmattan, coll. « Acteurs de la science », Paris, 2005 {{ISBN|2-7475-8246-9}}
* « Santé des voyageurs et recommandations sanitaires 2005 », ''Bulletin épidémiologique hebdomadaire'', {{numéro}}24-25/2005 (14&nbsp;juin 2005) {{lire en ligne|lien=http://www.sante.gouv.fr/htm/pointsur/voyageurs/beh_voy05.pdf|}}
* Robert W. Snow ''et al.'' « The global distribution of clinical episodes of ''Plasmodium falciparum'' malaria », ''Nature'', vol. 434, n° 7030 (10 mars 2005), pp. 214-217 {{présentation en ligne|lien=http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v434/n7030/abs/nature03342.html|langue=en}}
* Marie Josserand Debacker, ''Paludisme : historique, mythes, croyances et idées reçues'', thèse d'exercice, Médecine, Paris XII, 2000 {{lire en ligne|lien=http://www.astrium.com/grand_dossier/paludisme/paludisme_these.htm}}
* Serge Paul Eholié, Emmanuel Bissagnéné et Pierre-Marie Girard (dir.), ''Mémento thérapeutique du paludisme en Afrique'', Doin, IMEA, Paris, 2008, 139 p. {{ISBN|978-2-7040-1253-4}}
* Christian Lengeler, Jacqueline Cattani et Don de Savigny (dir.), ''Un mur contre la malaria : du nouveau dans la prévention des décès dus au paludisme'', Centre de recherches pour le développement international, Ottawa ; Organisation mondiale de la santé, Genève, 1997, 220 p. {{ISBN|0-88936-831-7}}
* Jean Mouchet, Pierre Carnevale, Marc Coosemans et al., ''Biodiversité du paludisme dans le monde'', J. Libbey Eurotext, Montrouge, 2004, 428 p. {{ISBN|2-74200-528-5}}
 
==Naisc==
* {{en}} [http://www.who.int/topics/malaria/en/ WHO]
* {{en}} [http://www.emvi.org European Malaria Vaccine Initiative]
* {{en}} [http://www.malariavaccine.org Malaria Vaccine Initiative]
* {{en}} [http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTHEALTHNUTRITIONANDPOPULATION/EXTMALARIA/0,,menuPK:377604~pagePK:149018~piPK:149093~theSitePK:377598,00.html World Bank]
* {{fr}} [http://palu.ifrance.com/ Paludisme ou Malaria]
* {{de}} [http://www.rki.de/DE/Content/InfAZ/M/Malaria/Malaria.html Malaria]
 
==Tagairtí==
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