An difríocht idir athruithe ar: "Maláire"

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[[Íomhá:Mature Plasmodium malariae schizont PHIL 2715 lores.jpg|thumb|''Plasmodium malariae'']]
[[Galar]] tógálach is ea '''an mhaláire''' nó '''malaria''' (ón [[Iodáilis]] [[Mheánaoiseach]] do 'dhroch-aer' a thagann sé). Tá sé coitianta sna trópaicí agus sna fothrópaicí. Bíonn 350–500 milliún cás ann gach bliain,<ref>[http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/facts.htm Malaria Facts]. ''Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.''</ref> Maraítear 1-3 milliún duine, 90% díobh san Afraic fho-Shahárach: páistí iad a bhformhór.<ref>{{cite journal | author = Snow RW, Guerra CA, Noor AM, Myint HY, Hay SI| title = The global distribution of clinical episodes of Plasmodium falciparum malaria | journal = Nature | volume = 434 | issue = 7030 | pages = 214–7 | year = 2005 | pmid = 15759000 | doi = 10.1038/nature03342}}</ref> Tá dlúthbhaint idir an mhaláire agus an bochtanas agus uaireanta cúisíonn an galar an bochtanas.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://ftp.iza.org/dp2997.pdf|format=PDF|teideal=Malaria: Disease Impacts and Long-Run Income Differences|publisher=[[Institute for the Study of Labor]]|accessdate=2008-12-10}}</ref>
[[Íomhá:Anopheles albimanus mosquito.jpg|clé|mion|Anopheles albimanus]]
 
== An galar ==
Seadán (paraisít) ar a dtugtar ''Plasmodium'' is cúis leis. As greim na [[muiscít]]í ionfhabhtaithe is mó a tholgtar an galar. I g[[corp]] an [[duine]] téann na seadáin isteach san [[ae]] agus tagann borradh agus fás ar líon na seadán ann. Ina dhiaidh sin ionfhabhtaíonn siad na fuilchealla dearga. Is féidir comharthaí an ghalair a aithint sa duine ionfhabhtaithe tuairim is 10-15 lá i ndiaidh na greama, mar shampla fiabhras, tinneas cinn agus urlacan.
[[Íomhá:Malaria geographic distribution.png|mion]]
 
Ta cúig speiceas Plasmodium ann a chúisíonn an mhaláire sa duine daonna: is é ''[[Plasmodium falciparum]]'' an ceann is marfaí. Is annamh a mharaíonn ''[[Plasmodium vivax]]'', ''[[Plasmodium ovale]]'' agus ''[[Plasmodium malariae]]'' an duine. [[Zónóis]] is ea ''[[Plasmodium knowlesi]]'', is é sin, galar ar féidir leis an duine é a tholgadh ó ainmhí, [[macaque]] i gcás ''P. knowlesi''.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Fong YL, Cadigan FC, Coatney GR |title=A presumptive case of naturally occurring Plasmodium knowlesi malaria in man in Malaysia |journal=Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. |volume=65 |issue=6 |pages=839–40 |year=1971 |pmid=5003320 |doi= 10.1016/0035-9203(71)90103-9|url=}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal |author=Singh B, Kim Sung L, Matusop A, ''et al.'' |title=A large focus of naturally acquired Plasmodium knowlesi infections in human beings |journal=Lancet |volume=363 |issue=9414 |pages=1017–24 |year=2004 |month=March |pmid=15051281 |doi=10.1016/S0140-6736(04)15836-4 |url=http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0140673604158364}}</ref>
[[Íomhá:Symptoms of Malaria.svg|clé|mion]]
 
== Leabharliosta ==
* Waldemar Malinowski: ''Impfungen für Auslandsreisende und Malariaprophylaxe. Vademecum für niedergelassene Ärzte''. Facultas-Verlag, Wien 2001. ISBN 3-85076-538-5
* Martin Kappas: ''Klimatologie: Klimaforschung im 21. Jahrhundert- Herausforderung für Natur- und Sozialwissenschaften'', Springer, 2009, ISBN 978-3-8274-1827-2 , 7.2.1. ''Auswirkungen von Temperaturveränderungen auf die Malariaübertragung''; 7.2.2. ''Auswirkungen von Niederschlagsveränderungen auf die Malariaübertragung'' [http://books.google.com/books?id=cjETRCAU-sUC&pg=PA232&dq=Auswirkungen+von+Niederschlagsver%C3%A4nderungen+auf+die+Malaria%C3%BCbertragung&hl=en&ei=cxSKTOLOLti4jAeX08zMBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Auswirkungen%20von%20Niederschlagsver%C3%A4nderungen%20auf%20die%20Malaria%C3%BCbertragung&f=false]
 
[[Íomhá:Malaria Art.IWMPST14167.jpg|mion|257x257px]]
 
=== Béarla ===
 
* Joel G. Breman, Martin S. Alilio, Anne Mills: ''[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?call=bv.View..ShowTOC&rid=malaria.TOC&depth=2 The intolerable burden of Malaria II.]'' The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. Bd 71, Nr. 2, Supplement. American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Northbrook 2004. ISSN 0002-9637
* Peter Perlmann, Marita Troye-Blomberg: ''Malaria Immunology''. Karger, Basel 2002. ISBN 3-8055-7376-6
* David Sullivan, Sanjeev Krishna (Hrsg.): ''Malaria. Drugs, disease and post-genomic biology''. Springer, Berlin 2005. ISBN 3-540-25363-7
* David A. Warrell, Herbert M. Gilles: ''Essential Malariology''. Arnold, London 2002. ISBN 0-340-74064-7
 
[[Íomhá:"Man-made malaria" - NARA - 514974.tif|clé|mion]]
 
=== Fraincis ===
* Marie Josserand Debacker, ''Paludisme : historique, mythes, croyances et idées reçues'', thèse d'exercice, Médecine, Paris XII, 2000 [http://www.astrium.com/grand_dossier/paludisme/paludisme_these.htm]
* Serge Paul Eholié, Emmanuel Bissagnéné et Pierre-Marie Girard (dir.), ''Mémento thérapeutique du paludisme en Afrique'', Doin, IMEA, Paris, 2008, 139 p. ISBN 978-2-7040-1253-4
*[[Íomhá:Malaria spraying sign.jpg|mion]]Christian Lengeler, Jacqueline Cattani et Don de Savigny (dir.), ''Un mur contre la malaria : du nouveau dans la prévention des décès dus au paludisme'', Centre de recherches pour le développement international, Ottawa ; Organisation mondiale de la santé, Genève, 1997, 220 p. ISBN 0-88936-831-7
* Jean Mouchet, Pierre Carnevale, Marc Coosemans et al., ''Biodiversité du paludisme dans le monde'', J. Libbey Eurotext, Montrouge, 2004, 428 p. ISBN 2-7420-0528-5
 
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