Is grúpa éan iad na lapairí a aimsítear go coitianta ar imeallbhoird agus ar réileáin láibe, a théann ag spágáil ar thóir foráiste chun bia a sholáthar (mar shampla feithidícrústaigh, sa láib nó sa ghaineamh.

WD Bosca Sonraí Ainmhí BheoLapaire
Charadriiformes Cuir in eagar ar Wikidata

Feadóg chladaigh (Charadrius hiaticula)
Tacsanomaíocht
For-ríochtEukaryota
RíochtAnimalia
ForíochtBilateria
FíleamChordata
AicmeAves
ForordNeoaves
OrdCharadriiformes Cuir in eagar ar Wikidata
Huxley, 1867

Is baill den ord Charadriiformes iad, is lapairí iad thart ar 210 speiceas as na 390 speiceas san ord.[1]grúpa tacsanomaíochta iad na lapairí.

Déanann go leor speiceas ón Artach agus ó réigiúin mheasartha imirce go láidir, ach is minic a bhíonn na héin trópaiceacha ina gcónaí go buan in áit amháin nó bogann siad ach amháin mar fhreagra ar phatrúin bháistí. Bíonn cuid de na speicis Artacha, mar shampla an gobadáinín beag, i measc na n-imirceach cianeitilt, ag caitheamh an tséasúir neamhphóraithe sa leathsféar theas.

Tagairtí cuir in eagar

Foinsí cuir in eagar

  • Ericson, P. G. P.; Envall, I.; Irestedt, M.; & Norman, J. A. (2003). Inter-familial relationships of the shorebirds (Aves: Charadriiformes) based on nuclear DNA sequence data. BMC Evol. Biol. 3: 16. doidoi:10.1186/1471-2148-3-16 PDF fulltext
  • Paton, Tara A.; & Baker, Allan J. (2006). Sequences from 14 mitochondrial genes provide a well-supported phylogeny of the Charadriiform birds congruent with the nuclear RAG-1 tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39(3): 657–667. doidoi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.01.011 PMID 16531074PMIDPMID 16531074 (HTML abstract)
  • Paton, T. A.; Baker, A. J.; Groth, J. G.; & Barrowclough, G. F. (2003). RAG-1 sequences resolve phylogenetic relationships within charadriiform birds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29: 268-278. doidoi:10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00098-8 PMID 13678682PMIDPMID 13678682 (HTML abstract)
  • Thomas, Gavin H.; Wills, Matthew A. & Székely, Tamás (2004a). Phylogeny of shorebirds, gulls, and alcids (Aves: Charadrii) from the cytochrome-b gene: parsimony, Bayesian inference, minimum evolution, and quartet puzzling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30(3): 516-526. doidoi:10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00222-7 (HTML abstract)
  • Thomas, Gavin H.; Wills, Matthew A.; & Székely, Tamás (2004b). A supertree approach to shorebird phylogeny. BMC Evol. Biol. 4: 28. doidoi:10.1186/1471-2148-4-28 PMID 15329156PMIDPMID 15329156 PDF fulltext Curtha i gcartlann 2016-04-11 ar an Wayback Machine Supplementary Material
  • van Tuinen, Marcel; Waterhouse, David; & Dyke, Gareth J. (2004). Avian molecular systematics on the rebound: a fresh look at modern shorebird phylogenetic relationships. Journal of Avian Biology 35(3): 191-194. PDF fulltext
  • Explore the World With Shorebirds. (2004). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Web. http://digitalmedia.fws.gov/cdm/ref/collection/document/id/1598
  • Lindenfors, P.; Szekely, T.; and Reynolds, J. D. (2003). Directional Changes in Sexual Size Dimorphism in Shorebirds, Gulls and Alcids. Journal of Evolutionary Biology J Evolution Biol: 930-38. Print.
  • Szekely, T.; Freckleton, R.; & Reynolds, J. (2004). Sexual selection explains Rensch's rule of size dimorphism in shorebirds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 101(33): 12224-12227.
  • Szekely, Tamas; John D. Reynolds; and Jordi Figuerola. (2000) Sexual Size Dimorphism in Shorebirds, Gulls, and Alcids: The Influence of Sexual and Natural Selection. Evolution 54(4): 1404-413.