An difríocht idir athruithe ar: "Clóiríd sóidiam"

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(Created by translating the page "Sodium chloride")
 
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Is comhdhúil ianach í '''clóiríd sóidiam''', ar a dtugtar salann go coitianta (cé go mbíonn ceimiceáin eile i salann sáile freisin), leis an bhfoirmle cheimiceach NaCl, a léiríonn cóimheas 1: 1 d'iain [[sóidiam]] agus [[Clóirídí|clóiríd]]. Le maiseanna mólaracha 22.99 agus 35.45 g / mol faoi seach, tá 39.34 g Na agus 60.66 g Cl i 100 g de NaCl. Is í clóiríd sóidiam an salann is mó atá freagrach as salandacht uisce farraige agus as sreabhán eachtarcheallach go leor orgánach ilcheallach. Ina fhoirm inite de shalann boird, úsáidtear go coitianta í mar tharsann agus leasaitheach bia. Úsáidtear méideanna móra de chlóiríd sóidiam i go leor próiseas tionsclaíoch, agus is foinse mhór comhdhúile sóidiam agus clóirín í a úsáidtear mar stoic chothaithe le haghaidh tuilleadh sintéisí ceimiceacha. Is é a dara mórfheidhm ná le haghaidh bóithre a dhí-oighriú in aimsir sheaca.
{{Chembox|Verifiedfields=changed|SystematicName=|Section7={{Chembox Hazards
| NFPA-H = 0
| NFPA-F = 0
| NFPA-R = 0
| LD50 = 3 g/kg (oral, rats)<ref>[http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/rn/7647-14-5 Sodium chloride]. nlm.nih.gov.</ref>
}}|Section6={{Chembox Pharmacology
| ATCCode_prefix = A12
| ATCCode_suffix = CA01
| ATC_Supplemental = {{ATC|B05|CB01}}, {{ATC|B05|XA03}}, {{ATC|S01|XA03}}
}}|Section5={{Chembox Thermochemistry
| Thermochemistry_ref =<ref>Haynes, 5.8</ref>
| DeltaHf = −411.120 kJ/mol
| Entropy = 72.10 J/(K·mol)
| HeatCapacity = 50.5 J/(K·mol)
}}|Section4=|Section3={{Chembox Structure
| Structure_ref =<ref>Haynes, 4.148</ref>
| CrystalStruct = Face-centered cubic <br>(''see text''), [[Pearson symbol|cF8]]
| SpaceGroup = Fm{{overline|3}}m, No. 225
| LattConst_a = 564.02 pm
| Coordination = Octahedral (Na<sup>+</sup>)<br />octahedral (Cl<sup>−</sup>)
}}|Section2={{Chembox Properties
| Formula = NaCl
| MolarMass = 58.443 g/mol<ref name="crc">Haynes, 4.89</ref>
| Appearance = Colorless cubic crystals<ref name=crc/>
| Odor = Odorless
| Density = 2.17 g/cm<sup>3</sup><ref name=crc/>
| MeltingPtC = 800.7
| MeltingPt_ref=<ref name=crc/>
| BoilingPtC = 1465
| BoilingPt_ref=<ref name=crc/>
| Solubility = 360 g/L<ref name=crc/>
| Solvent1 = ammonia
| Solubility1 = 21.5 g/L
| Solvent2 = methanol
| Solubility2 = 14.9 g/L
| RefractIndex = 1.5441 (at 589 nm)<ref>Haynes, 10.241</ref>
| MagSus = −30.2·10<sup>−6</sup> cm<sup>3</sup>/mol<ref>Haynes, 4.135</ref>
}}|Section1={{Chembox Identifiers
| CASNo = 7647-14-5
| CASNo_Ref = {{cascite|correct|CAS}}
| PubChem = 5234
| UNII = 451W47IQ8X
| UNII_Ref = {{fdacite|correct|FDA}}
| EINECS = 231-598-3
| KEGG = D02056
| KEGG_Ref = {{keggcite|correct|kegg}}
| MeSHName = Sodium+chloride
| ChEBI_Ref = {{ebicite|correct|EBI}}
| ChEBI = 26710
| ChEMBL = 1200574
| ChEMBL_Ref = {{ebicite|changed|EBI}}
| RTECS = VZ4725000
| Beilstein = 3534976
| Gmelin = 13673
| SMILES = [Na+].[Cl-]
| StdInChI = 1S/ClH.Na/h1H;/q;+1/p-1
| StdInChI_Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}}
| InChI = 1/ClH.Na/h1H;/q;+1/p-1
| StdInChIKey = FAPWRFPIFSIZLT-UHFFFAOYSA-M
| StdInChIKey_Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}}
| InChIKey = FAPWRFPIFSIZLT-REWHXWOFAE
| ChemSpiderID_Ref = {{chemspidercite|correct|chemspider}}
| ChemSpiderID = 5044
}}|OtherNames={{unbulleted list
| Common salt
| halite
| rock salt
| saline
| table salt
| regular salt
| sea salt
}}|Watchedfields=changed|IUPACName=Sodium chloride|ImageCaption1=Crystal structure with sodium in purple and chloride in green|ImageFile1=Sodium-chloride-3D-ionic.png|ImageCaption=Sodium chloride as the mineral halite|ImageFile=Halit-Kristalle.jpg|Name=|verifiedrevid=477002432|Section8={{Chembox Related
| OtherAnions = [[Sodium fluoride]]<br />[[Sodium bromide]]<br />[[Sodium iodide]]<br/>[[Sodium astatide]]
| OtherCations = [[Lithium chloride]]<br />[[Potassium chloride]]<br />[[Rubidium chloride]]<br />[[Caesium chloride]]<br/>[[Francium chloride]]
}}}}
Is comhdhúil ianach í clóiríd sóidiam, ar a dtugtar salann go coitianta (cé go mbíonn ceimiceáin eile i salann sáile freisin), leis an bhfoirmle cheimiceach NaCl, a léiríonn cóimheas 1: 1 d'iain [[sóidiam]] agus [[Clóirídí|clóiríd]]. Le maiseanna mólaracha 22.99 agus 35.45 g / mol faoi seach, tá 39.34 g Na agus 60.66 g Cl i 100 g de NaCl. Is í clóiríd sóidiam an salann is mó atá freagrach as salandacht uisce farraige agus as sreabhán eachtarcheallach go leor orgánach ilcheallach. Ina fhoirm inite de shalann boird, úsáidtear go coitianta í mar tharsann agus leasaitheach bia. Úsáidtear méideanna móra de chlóiríd sóidiam i go leor próiseas tionsclaíoch, agus is foinse mhór comhdhúile sóidiam agus clóirín í a úsáidtear mar stoic chothaithe le haghaidh tuilleadh sintéisí ceimiceacha. Is é a dara mórfheidhm ná le haghaidh bóithre a dhí-oighriú in aimsir sheaca